Residence: Mobile, mainly Gotham City
Occupation: Professional Criminal, former educator and psychologist
1st Appearance (Golden Age) - World's Finest #3 (Fall 1941)
1st Appearance (Silver Age) - Brave and the Bold #197 (April 1983)
To meet his aims, Crane turned to crime. His modus operandi was based on his own obsessions with the psychology and an insulting description used by his colleagues: Jonathan Crane became The Scarecrow. In his first foray into crime, Crane used a tactic of personal terrorism. Preceding his arrival with a few wisps of straw, Crane appeared to his victims late in the evening and blackmailed them with certain death if they failed to meet his demands. His first client was Frank Kendrick, a businessman being sued by his partner, Paul Herold. The Scarecrow offered to kill Herold unless he dropped the suit. After a single visit the Herold, in which the partner was wounded with a gun shot, the Scarecrow became a news phenomenon. When Herold refused to co-operate, the Scarecrow sealed his reputation by killing him. In the meantime, Bruce Wayne, a patron of Gotham University discussed the case with a member of Crane's department with whom he was acquainted. Crane's name came up, along with his odd habits and the revelation that he had been recently dismissed for his fanatical teachings on the subject of fear. Wayne, in his guise as Batman, pursued the case.
In his second outing, the Scarecrow approached the manager of a failing department store, Richard Dodge and offered to rob rival stores to improve business as Dodge's. After his first theft, he was tracked back to his home by Batman. After a visit from the disguised hero, Crane witnessed Batman and Robin plotting to take their case back to Dodge. Enraged, Crane donned his guise as the Scarecrow, determined to kill Dodge before he could be questioned. En route, he was intercepted by Batman and Robin, who carted him off to prison after a melee in the city playground (World's Finest #3).
Crane spent two years in Gotham State Penitentiary. In 1943, he emerged to wage crime in Gotham again, this time using a more pedestrian format. Organizing a gang of thugs as his assistants, he based a series of crimes on bookish lesson of rhymes, stealing some expensive hats and following up with crimes based on words rhyming with hat. In his final foray to a dealer in Chinese antiquities named "Yat", he and his gang were rounded up by Batman and Robin and returned to prison (Detective #73).
The events of in Crane's life between 1943 and 1955 remain shrouded in mystery. It is known, however, that when he emerged again in 1955 he had developed an impressive arsenal of hallucinogenic chemical designed to cause fear. During a crime spree, he caused Batman to imagine that he friends and colleagues had vanished into thin air as a particularly aggressive form of autophobia (fear of isolation). Losing his friends, Batman turned to an enemy, Selina Kyle, to help track down the Scarecrow. The case brought the two close together and when it was completed, they had determined to wed (Brave and the Bold #197).
The final fate of Jonathan Crane of Earth-2 has never been revealed.
Prior Earth-1 = The origins of the Silver Age Scarecrow are thought to largely resemble that of his Earth-2 counterpart with minor variations (Batman #189). Although any collaborative actions of the Earth-2 Scarecrow have not been revealed, the Scarecrow of this Earth was a founding member of the Injustice Gang (Justice League of America #111) and participated in group gatherings of Batman's adversaries (Detective #526, Batman #400). He was part of Luthor's villain army during the Crisis on Infinite Earths but his ultimate fate remains unknown.
Prior Earth-0 = The origins of the Scarecrow of the post-Crisis Earth share many similarities to his pre-Crisis counterparts. More is known of his backstory, littered with abuse and he is widely recognized as a master of fear, even beyond the solar system when he was temporarily recruited to the Yellow Lantern Corps. His objectives, however, are always the same: Fear.
Current Earth-0 = Like his counterparts close to this timeline, his origins and MO remain largely similar. In this case, he turns criminal after exposing students to the thing they most fear and ultimately kills a patient. This version of the Scarecrow is a central member of Gotham's criminal elite, collaborating extensively with Poison Ivy, Bane, and Killer Croc and is a member of the Secret Society of Super-Villains.
Earth-12 = The Scarecrow of this Earth appears to have similar history has his primary counterparts, but in the mid 21st century, old age has robbed him of any interest in active crime and he spends the remainder of his days writing up the results of his lifelong history of experimenting with fear. These findings and his equipment eventually fell into the hands of Adalyn Stern, who used this to become a new female version of the Scarecrow. (Batman Beyond #22-24). While Crane is presumed deceased, his fate and actual relationship with Stern are unrevealed.
Earth-19= The Scarecrow of this steampunk Earth has been witnessed but no information on his identity is available (Convergence: Shazam #2)
Earth-40 = The true identity of the Scarecrow of Earth-40 is unrevealed. He is a Nazi "Cleaner" during World War II, as assassin who ties off unpleasant loose ends. He murders Charles McNider, known as the Owl and Mr. Terrific's fiancée in the following battle. Mr. Terrific avenges her by killing the Scarecrow himself (JSA: The Liberty Files LS).
Earth-43 = Johnathan Crane of this earth has a similar initial career has the Scarecrow as core Earths. His history takes an unpleasant turn when Batman is converted into a vampire by Dracula and the Scarecrow becomes one of his first victims. On a world of horrors, whether the Scarecrow is truly gone remains to be seen (Batman: Red Rain).
Crane lacked true super-powers but was especially agile and strong for his wiry frame. He was also well-versed in psychology and eventually developed sufficient expertise in chemistry to design custom hallucinogens.
Crane was a normal human when stripped of his weapons and chemical and could be captured as such.
|World's Finest #3||1st Appearance, Origin vs. the Batman||Limited Collector's Edition #C-37, Batman in World's Finest Archives #1, The Batman Chronicles #4, Batman: The Golden Age Omnibus Vol. 1, Batman Arkham: Scarecrow, Batman The Golden Age #2, Scarecrow Tales TPB|
|Detective #73||vs. the Batman||Batman Archives #3, The Batman Chronicles #8, Batman: The War Years (1939-1945), Batman Arkham: Scarecrow, Batman: The Golden Age Omnibus Vol. 2, Batman The Golden Age #4|
|Brave and the Bold #197||Flashback to the 1950's, vs. the Batman and Catwoman||The Greatest Batman Stories Ever Told Vol. 1, Catwoman: A Celebration of 75 Years, Tales of the Batman: Alan Brennert, The Bat and the Cat: 80 Years of Romance, Dollar Comics: Brave and the Bold #197|
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